Conducting a search is the first step in the process of registration of Trademark application. It is advisable to conduct a search so that you can get to know about the availability of the proposed mark whether it is clear to adopt / already registered / similar Trademark is being used by some other person.
A Trademark application (TM-A) can be filed for a single class or multi classes . Application claiming priority from a convention country can also be filed in India within 6 months from the priority date.
- Examination report–
The Registrar will cause the application to be examined in accordance with the provisions of the Trademark Act. If an objection to the mark is raised, an official Examination Report will be issued by the Registrar within 3 months to 1 year of filing, depending upon the backlog of the Trademark Registry.
The Registry may accept or refuse the application subject to the provisions of the Act. A Trademark application can be refused / objected on relative or absolute grounds which mainly relates to similarity with already registered marks or distinctive character as the case may be. The applicant can put forward his case in writing as a reply to the Examination Report within 30 days from date of the examination report.
If the examiner after securitizing the reply to the examination report finds it appropriate, then the trademark will be accepted & advertised in the Trademark Journal. If the examiner is not satisfied with the reply then he may list the matter for the hearing on a stipulated date and time
After examination and upon acceptance of the response by the Registrar, the application is ordered for advertisement / publication in the Trademark Journal. An application is advertised in the Trademark Journal so as to invite the public for filing opposition against the registration of the trademark. Thus once a mark is accepted, the Registrar advertises the mark in the official Trademark Journal, which is published and available on the Registry’s website every Monday.
Once the Trademark is published in the Trademark Journal, any aggrieved person can oppose its registration by filing a notice of opposition with the Registry. The notice of opposition is required to be filed within the prescribed period of 4 months from the date on which the mark was published in the Trade Journal.
- Registration & Renewal of trademark–
If the application for registration after its advertisement is unopposed or if opposed, decided in favor of registration, the mark will be registered and a registration certificate will be issued. The registration of the Trademark remains valid for a period of 10 years from the date of filing that application and can be renewed thereafter for a further period of 10 years at a time.